Apple and Google are rivals. So why is Google the default search engine for mobile Safari, which is the pre-mounted web browser on iPads and iPhones?

The solution, court files found out on Thursday, is easy: cash talks. And $1bn, the amount Google paid Apple in 2014 for the privilege of default access to the loads of tens of millions of iPhone users, talks very loudly.

The records got here to mild as part of Google’s lawsuit with Silicon Valley giant Oracle, which accuses the quest company of infringing on Oracle’s patents for programming language Java in its Android running machine.

On pinnacle of the $1bn fee, which had been pronounced as a hearsay by using TechCrunch in 2013 however no longer showed until now, Oracle’s attorneys also found out that Apple and Google shared a part of the revenue Google acquired from displaying adverts to iOS users. In keeping with Oracle, “at one factor in time” that proportion was 34% – although it wasn’t clean who got the bigger quit of that deal Page Papi.

The payments kept Google as the default seek engine for cellular Safari, permitting it to keep to coins in on iOS. And being the default is essential: whilst Apple switched from Google Maps to its own in-house group for the default map app on iPhones in 2012, the brand new app turned into criticised for its mistakes-ridden maps.

3 years on, the default app become used 3 times as a lot as Google’s personal app, in keeping with Apple. That’s hundreds of thousands of users who Google can’t get statistics from or display ads to.


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Somewhere else in iOS, Apple is already detaching itself from Google seek: the default search engine on Siri is Microsoft’s Bing, and that can’t be changed by the person.

Different figures released in courtroom assist reveal quite why Google was so keen to pay Apple big sums of cash for access to its customers. Google’s Android working machine, the maximum popular inside the global, has generated sales of $31bn and earnings of $22bn in its lifetime.

For contrast, Apple generated $32.2bn revenue from the iPhone in the fourth area of 2015 by myself – a determine that doesn’t consist of its income from the App keep and iAd structures, every the most direct comparators for Google’s Android sales.

Google’s makes money from Android in two ways: it takes a proportion of the sales of apps and media at the Google Play save, and it shows display marketing to Android customers.

Other than its personal Nexus and Pixel-branded gadgets, it does now not receive any sales from the sale of Android telephones – in stark contrast to Apple. Which means that iOS customers are almost as treasured to Google as Android users, for the reason that company can still profit via displaying them advertisements, however doesn’t have to burn up the strength of growing an entire running machine for them.

Google become sad with the ebook of the revenue figures, however, telling Oracle and the courtroom that they should by no means have been made personal. The business enterprise instructed a federal decide that Oracle’s legal professional improperly disclosed “extremely touchy facts”, and requested for the courtroom information to be redacted and sealed.

“Google does not privately allocate revenues or income to Android separate and apart from Google’s standard commercial enterprise,” the organisation said within the court filing. “That financial data is noticeably sensitive, and non-public disclosure should have substantial poor consequences on Google’s enterprise.”